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The word "gorilla" comes from the history of Hanno the Navigator , ( c. 500 BC) a Carthaginian explorer on an expedition on the west African coast to the area that later became Sierra Leone . [4] Members of the expedition encountered "savage people, the greater part of whom were women, whose bodies were hairy, and whom our interpreters called Gorillae". [5] The word was then later used as the species name, though it is unknown whether what these ancient Carthaginians encountered were truly gorillas, another species of ape or monkeys, or humans. [6]

The common moorhen breeds during the spring, particularly in the wettest months (6) . Monogamous pairs form each season and courtship begins with the male swimming towards the spectating female with the bill dipped into the water, and concludes with both birds simultaneously nibbling at each others feathers. Both birds cooperate to build a simple cup-shaped nest out of twigs on a floating mat of vegetation, or in the branches of emergent vegetation around one metre above the water. A territory around this nest is fiercely defended from other moorhens, and intruders may be repelled by aggressive charges (5) . Between five to nine eggs are laid in the nest and incubated for some 17 to 22 days. After hatching, the young chicks remain in the nest for the first two days, but they are soon capable of swimming limited distances away from the nest, and are capable of diving after eight days. The chicks fledge after around 45 to 50 days, and reach maturity at a year of age (2) .     

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